Overall, men have higher rates of diabetes. However, women between the ages of 20-34 have higher rates than men, likely due to the impact of gestational diabetes, which is currently not tracked effectively. Gestational diabetes, which presents in non-diabetic women during pregnancy, is usually temporary, but is an important health concern for women as it is a risk factor for developing diabetes later in life.
Maternal diabetes is also a serious health concern for women who are diabetic before they become pregnant. Women with gestational or maternal diabetes need extensive pre-pregnancy planning, as well as extensive management during their pregnancy, due to the associated risks of spontaneous abortion and higher levels of newborn morbidity and mortality.