Census data from 2006 show that unemployment rates are higher amongst immigrants (12%) compared to the general population. Unemployment is highest among immigrants who have been in Canada for less than five years (30%) . It takes approximately 10 years for the unemployment rate of immigrants to fall to the level of unemployment found among the general population .
Aboriginal people also have high levels of unemployment, with the 2008 rate being close to 15% . Aboriginal women generally experience lower levels of unemployment compared to Aboriginal men in all age groups . The high rate of unemployment among Aboriginal people is related to the legacy of colonization and racism [11, 12].
Women with disabilities also have high rates of unemployment. In 2001, the unemployment rate for women with disabilities aged 15 to 64 was 10%, which was double the rate compared to women without disabilities. In the past, women with disabilities have had lower rates of unemployment compared to men. In 2001, 13% of women under the age of 35 were unemployed compared to 18% of their male counterparts .