After menopause, women’s rates of coronary artery disease increase, which may be due to increases in cholesterol, fat around the abdomen, and high blood pressure as well as decreases in estrogen levels that previously protected women’s heart and blood vessels [4-5].
Women with high blood pressure and diabetes are at greater risk for developing heart failure and stroke than men with these risk factors. Higher stroke rates may be related to women’s greater life expectancy and high rates of stroke in older age groups. Adult onset diabetes is a risk factor for developing high blood pressure  and the risk for adult onset diabetes is the highest for women between the ages of 20 and 34 . Approximately two thirds of Canadians with hypertension and diabetes have uncontrolled hypertension .
Hypertension during pregnancy poses a number of health risks for women. Pre-eclampsia is high blood pressure that can affect pregnant women after the 20-week mark . Pre-eclampsia can harm the liver, kidneys, or brain and can prevent the fetus from getting enough blood and oxygen. Based on data from CIHI, women with hypertension and/or diabetes are twice as likely to give birth to a small-for-gestational age (SGA) baby . Women with gestational diabetes are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, which may further increase their risk of hypertension .